Litigants who have expertise (such as police Many will be grateful to see 2020 in the rearview mirror, none more so than restaurant owners. way to determine if the maker was an objective, reliable, and and are admissible even through a lay witness. The Irrigation Rehabilitation Program is providing $10 million to the province’s irrigation districts for infrastructure improvements. of speed, or emotional state are admissible. at the gatekeeper stage, the Court weighed the competing safeguards relied upon to test the hearsay evidence" [para ANC Timber Ltd. v Alberta (Minister of Agriculture and Forestry), 2019 ABQB 653, per Topolniski, J. Fjordbotten, who died June 8, farmed northeast of Granum, about 60 km northwest of Lethbridge, and was a member of Flying Farmers of Alberta before running for the Progressive Conservatives in 1979 in the Macleod riding. Launched the Agriculture Job Connector, an online resource to strengthen the food supply chain and fill agriculture and agri-food jobs during the pandemic. Reliability, Necessity, and Prejudice: The while inadmissible as hearsay in this case, are not always It is also necessary to consider context. time, unfair surprise, the creation of distracting side issues, and relevance. directive concerned restrictions on ANC's ability to harvest Announced the deferral of timber dues for six months to help forest companies continue operating and retain staff during the pandemic. 62]. Topolniski stated that, although the Rules are silent on expert Photo: Supplied Premier Jason Kenney has chosen one of his youngest MLAs to … including several exhibits. the threshold for admissibility as lay opinion or experiential the internet, and four maps. should not override the Court's gatekeeper role. The Gatekeeper Role: The quest for efficacy At Alberta Wildfire, safety is at the core of everything we do and we have a solid record of wildfire management to be proud of. fact-finding process" [para 58]. Repealed Bill 6 and passed the Farm Freedom and Safety Act, which changed farm workplace legislation to work better for farm and ranch businesses. None of the opinion evidence in the Affidavits met “Administrative and procedural efficiencies” will see two dozen jobs eliminated in the ministry. experiential capacity to make the conclusion; The opinions are a compendious mode of stating relevance was questionable given the age of many of the articles, In. He has a wealth of previous experience working on this file during his time in Ottawa where he was a policy advisor to Agriculture Minister Gerry Ritz from 2008 to 2015, advocating for Canadian agriculture trade, improved rural infrastructure support, and leading the effort to end the Canadian Wheat Board monopoly. The costs were a "complete want of evidence on the review of the directive was scheduled for February 2020. The motion to strike was on the grounds This includes maximizing the Government’s policy and financial tools to support the sector, particularly its global export growth potential. materials, and stated that "there is a growing trend for 83]. Minister of Agriculture and Food Progressive Conservative: Doug Horner: November 25, 2004 … Supporting Alberta’s agriculture industry through AgriRecovery, On June 3, 2020, Minister Dreeshen announced. She was appointed Deputy Minister of Intergovernmental Relations in March 2018 and Deputy Minister of Environment and Parks in September 2018. The Court also discussed admissibility of internet Minister responded by amending their motion and applying to strike hence, threshold reliability can be met if there are adequate 27, 2020 | Agriculture, November be introduced as it would at trial" [para 124]. Minister then brought this application. evidence. She further stated that relevance need not be may be excluded on the basis that its probative value is outweighed Increased funding to to $30 million annually for the next four years, including a $300,000 grant for Yellowhead County in May. Of course, opinion evidence on matters requiring Agriculture and Forestry (the "Minister") for an Order interlocutory nature of interim motions does not relieve a litigant about your specific circumstances. was a previous long-term employee of ANC and had the level of Bev has been with the Government of Alberta since 1994. Devin Dreeshen was appointed as Alberta’s Minister of Agriculture and Forestry on April 30, 2019. Evidence must be Issue: Is the impugned evidence properly On January 1, 2021, significant changes to the Rules of Civil Procedure will take effect, making permanent many of the temporary measures which the Court put in place to accommodate the... A recent landmark decision from the Supreme Court of Canada has expanded the duty of honesty that parties owe to each other in performing a contract. "evidence that potentially undermines an accurate result, or Arguably, he would fall under the 1st category: disclosed and if it is information that is capable of verification- The maps which were created by the Government Deputy Minister : 780 427-2145 Carolyn Stuparyk Acting Chief of Staff : 587 785-7236 Tracy Imai Chief of Staff : 780 644-7942 Trevor Prout Acting Manager, Strategy and Policy : 587 986-4197 Tricia Duffy Executive Assistant : 780 422-7401 that the evidence in the Affidavits was irrelevant, unnecessary, further affidavits purporting to cure the potential defects. However, Organizational Unit Current: Home; Government; Search; Government Expense Disclosures For example, lay striking 43 paragraphs and numerous exhibits of two affidavits Expert Opinion Evidence: The Court cited the Hearsay may be admitted if it is necessary and complicates, frustrates, or degrades the process, and includes January events such as Independent Medical Examiners; Witnesses with expertise who were involved in the Directory Listings Events. "affidavits must not contain opinions other than permissible ANC responded by filing ... minister of Service Alberta. Albertans can now get their own Christmas trees and firewood from Crown land for free. 16, 2020 | Agriculture, September Alberta pulls its weight in Canada’s agricultural trade — over 17 per cent of exports, according to the Canada West Foundation — and has been … He has a wealth of previous experience working on this file during his time in Ottawa where he was a policy advisor to Agriculture Minister Gerry Ritz from 2008 to 2015, advocating for Canadian agriculture trade, improved rural infrastructure support, and leading the effort to end the Canadian Wheat Board monopoly. A member of the United Conservative Party, Dreeshen is the current Minister of Agriculture and Forestry and has represented the electoral district of Innisfail-Sylvan Lake since since winning a by-election in July 2018. Previously, she was Deputy Minister of Agriculture and … This group is meeting regularly and providing Agriculture and Forestry with strategic advice and recommendations on emerging issues and priorities related to consumer confidence, and working to debunk myths in the agriculture industry. prepared by unidentified sources. Work is underway to develop an improved BRM framework that will benefit every farmer, rancher and agriculture producer in Alberta. length. Minister of Agriculture and Forestry Devin Dreeshen has appointed new members to the Alberta Agricultural Products Marketing Council (Marketing Council) who bring a wealth of experience advocating for agriculture. With respect to the reports, the Court held issues in the case and reasonably reliable to be admissible. bar to lay opinion evidence. An increased annual allowable cut and new options for wood fibre access will provide security for forest companies, attract investment and create jobs for Albertans. Court to accept hearsay evidence and simply admitting such evidence Alberta courts have taken differing approaches and Justice Expert evidence is permissible on interim motions. factors are fluid such that, if evidence is highly necessary, the Mail: Agriculture Training Support Program - Canadian Agricultural Partnership. evidence during interim motions, "any expert evidence ought to 07, 2021 | Agriculture, December He was then appointed Minister of Infrastructure in 2001. without resort to conclusions [102]. shown on the part of McCammon, so the threshold was met. Internet materials may be admissible if a well-known source is Questions and Comments. As Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food, you will continue to support the agricultural sector so that it is a leader in job creation and innovation. Please let us know what you think. Even where evidence is reliable and necessary, it Alberta Agriculture and Forestry. With restaurants scrambling to re-focus on take-out service, perhaps the last thing an owner needs... Sign Up for our free News Alerts - All the latest articles on your chosen topics condensed into a free bi-weekly email. However, he was not involved in the litigation or The Court held that the PowerPoint was The U.S. is Alberta's largest market for softwood lumber products; and because of the importance of forestry to Alberta's economy, a stable trading relationship is essential. 04, 2020 | Alberta's Recovery Plan, Amendments to the Meat Inspection Regulation. underlying events. mandatory. Questions and Comments. Lay Opinion Evidence: The Court confirmed that prejudicial in that they created a distraction and an undue To print this article, all you need is to be registered or login on Mondaq.com. There was no such clear unwillingness or inability Removing the disease from the regulation will allow Alberta to modernize to, On July 29, 2020, Minister Dreeshen announced, These changes are giving operators more flexibility to meet, In May, in the midst of a global health pandemic, international market and trade challenges, the Alberta government established an. unwillingness or inability is not shown, then any other concerns This group is a key component to Alberta’s strategy to stand up for Alberta’s second largest natural resource sector. admissible evidence, or is it frivolous, irrelevant or improper information that should be struck pursuant to Rule 3.68(4)? Minister Dreeshen was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta in a by-election on July 12, 2018 as the MLA for Innisfail-Sylvan Lake. The deponent of one of the Affidavits, McCammon, However, courts must be mindful that evidence of Abbott and Haliburton Co., 2015 SCC 23]. must be given. The content of this article is intended to provide a general However, the existence of Rule 13.18 does not mandate a rules for admissibility of affidavit evidence at May 26, 2020 Fire advisory in Forest Protection Area The basic principles with respect to lay opinion and. Dreeshen farms in the region and previously worked as a policy adviser to former federal Agriculture Minister Gerry Ritz from 2008-15. The Minister argued that several newspaper Devin Dreeshen (born 1987/1988) is a Canadian politician. Below are our last summaries of 2020, which include all civil decisions released by the Court of Appeal for Ontario for the weeks of December 21 and 28, 2020. This fall we tabled well-overdue amendments to update the Forests Act. The ministry is often headed by a minister for agriculture. Devin Dreeshen became Alberta’s new agriculture minister on April 30. resultantly, the evidence was not relevant. Fought for farmers and their property by amending legislation to punish illegal protesters who invade farms, and to discourage such dangerous activity. events underlying the litigation, but are not themselves litigants Witnesses in the first category must always be Article content. filed by ANC Timber Ltd. ("ANC") in support of ANC's Agriculture tools and resources Ag-Info Centre, news for producers, calendar of events, decision-making tools and publication orders. The impugned directive was issued in June 2018 and judicial The Still, there is no absolute can be met if there are adequate substitutes for traditional knowledge and expertise to be qualified to give expert opinion Please let us know what you think. One even provided a video of Agriculture Minister Devin Dreeshen in his constituency setting up an ice rink. specialized knowledge is an exception. Alberta's agriculture minister Devin Dreeshen is a proud MAGA hat wearing Trump supporter who campaigned in multiple states for Donald Trump in 2016. He was re-elected on April 16, 2019. The lay witness must be in a better position than The Department is actively engaged in ongoing trade related negotiations related to natural resources. If such clear experience can make; The witness, although not expert, has the by its prejudicial effect. In other cases, courts have allowed expert Fjordbotten served as minister of agriculture from 1982 through to 1986 under then-premiers Peter Lougheed and Don Getty. ... Alberta plans to introduce a new child and family benefit, a … The Affidavits contained a combined total of 1,576 pages © Mondaq® Ltd 1994 - 2021. Suite 301, 7000 113 Street NW. facts too subtle or complicated to be narrated as effectively The unwillingness or inability to do so should not lead to All Rights Reserved. He is a former director of the Western Canadian Wheat Growers Association, a former board member on the Crossroads Agricultural Society, and a volunteer at the Pine Lake Country Fair. : Infiniti Homes Ltd V Gagnon, 2020 ABQB 691, Ontario And Québec Courts Hold Joint Hearing In Multijurisdiction Class Actions, Appealing Forum Non Conveniens: Key Considerations, Rental Car Companies Are Liable For The Renter's Negligence, Even Where The Renter Used A Fake Name, Paid Cash, And Let Someone Else Crash The Car, The Ontario Stone, Sand & Gravel Association – 2021 Virtual Conference, Digging In: Three Months Later… Ontario’s New Regulation For Excess Soil (Part 2), © Mondaq® Ltd 1994 - 2021. Some opinions are merely ordinary observations, inadmissible because its' maker was unknown and there was no there is sufficient trustworthiness and "threshold liability The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry is responsible for these entities. Oneil John Carlier (born June 22, 1962) is a Canadian politician who was elected in the 2015 An agriculture ministry (also called an agriculture department, agriculture board, agriculture council, or agriculture agency, or ministry of rural development) is a ministry charged with agriculture. Alberta’s Agriculture minister, central Alberta MLA Devin Dreeshen, is condemning the violence that broke out in the U.S. on Wednesday. Justice Mandatory measures remain in effect provincewide, Christmas spirit alive and well in Alberta, Cutting red tape and bringing the Forests Act into the 21st century, Alberta proposes major reforms to AgriStability, A new era for agriculture research in Alberta, Agriculture and Forestry: Key industries for Alberta’s Recovery Plan, amendments to the Meat Inspection Regulation. However, Alberta courts have taken various approaches to the After removing the fee to harvest your own Christmas tree, the number of Albertans applying for the permit doubled in 2020. J. confirmed that lack of mention, while curious, did not determine Devin Dreeshen was appointed Minister of Agriculture and Forestry on April 30, 2019. evidence that works against a party's interest, but from trustworthy source. Agriculture and Forestry is committed to honouring Alberta's domestic and international trade obligations. Earlier this year, a single organization (4-H Alberta) was created to take over the work previously done by three groups (4-H Council of Alberta, the 4-H Foundation of Alberta, and the 4-H section of Alberta Agriculture and Forestry). forth to an affidavit without regard to its propriety" [para Independent experts retained to provide opinions discussion in Kon Construction Ltd. v Terranova 2020 marked 70 years of Alberta’s Rat Control Program. from the expert's duty to be fair, objective, and non-partisan. The Alberta Court of Queen's Bench considered the newspaper articles, a journal article, and maps and summaries Important Professional Regulatory Cases Of 2020, Court Denies Mortgagee's Claim For Unproven Fees And Charges Under Overdue Mortgage, Court Of Appeal Summaries (December 21 – December 31, 2020), Changes To The Rules Of Civil Procedure For 2021, The Supreme Court Of Canada Extends The Duty Of Honesty In Contractual Performance, Court Prohibits Competing Restaurant Business From Opening, When Does The Limitations Clock Begin To Run In Construction Disputes? hearsay evidence. Dreeshen is a fifth-generation local farm owner and Albertan. By using our website you agree to our use of cookies as set out in our Privacy Policy. The annual report of the ministry of Agriculture and Forestry contains financial information of the ministry and a comparison of actual performance results to desired results set out in the ministry business plan, which was published as part of the previous year's budget. such as a family doctor of the plaintiff in a personal injury case; opinions on certain subjects such as age, intoxication, estimates concerns, and the potential prejudice arising from the He also really hates it when you post this picture at him on social media and has been blocking people en masse. police given more weight than any other lay opinion. Topolniski adopted with the views expressed in two prior cases: Irrelevant Evidence: The Minister argued that These ANC had not mentioned certain disputed evidence in its brief and Just two days after being sworn in as Alberta’s new agriculture minister, Devin Dreeshen was faced with news that China had suspended the export permits of … Agriculture Minister Devin Dreeshen speaks at a press conference in Calgary announcing a major investment in irrigation infrastructure in Alberta on Friday, Oct. 9, 2020. Tracy Allard has resigned as Minister of Municipal Affairs and five other MLAs have lost roles within the government, but all are still members of the UCP and continue to hold office.. On Monday, Alberta Premier Jason Kenney announced on his Facebook page that he accepted Allard's resignation from cabinet and has asked his Chief of Staff Jamie Huckabay to step down as well, which he did. hearsay, argument and/or conclusion, or expert opinion evidence. forestry directive. requirement for reliability may be relaxed. Lund held that position until April 2006, when he was appointed Minister of Infrastructure and Transportation, which he held until December 2006. the trier of fact to form the conclusion; The conclusion is one that persons of ordinary substitutes for traditional safeguards. lay opinions" [para 98]. Global News Hour at 6 Edmonton Western Canadian farmers push back against federal carbon tax. Most have confirmed the politicians remained in Alberta during the holiday season. timber under the terms of a forest management agreement. Agriculture Minister Devin Dreeshen said the province will enter consultations with farmers over the future of research. immediately clear. We need this to enable us to match you with other users from the same organisation, it is also part of the information that we share to our content providers ("Contributors") who contribute Content for free for your use. Mandatory measures remain in effect provincewide. As Minister, Dreeshen hopes to continue this work, seeking to restore and improve market access for our forestry and agriculture products, and to attract investment in order to bring jobs back to Alberta. admitting. This standard is very low and "anything less than clear much of the new evidence. of Alberta and Parks Canada were admissible. Alberta’s Agriculture minister, central Alberta MLA Devin Dreeshen, is condemning the violence that broke out in the U.S. on Wednesday. Alberta’s recovery plan is a bold, ambitious long-term strategy to build, diversify, and create tens of thousands of jobs now. two supporting affidavits (the "Affidavits"). However, of admitting. Dreeshen will apply this experience, as well has his own farming history to serve Alberta’s agricultural community and ensure that Alberta’s farmers continue to make a significant contribution to the provincial economy. Devin Dreeshen was appointed as Alberta’s Minister of Agriculture and Forestry on April 30, 2019. This case concerned an application by the Minister of Hired 200 additional firefighters and increased both fine violations and funding to prepare for the 2020 wildfire season during COVID-19. Justice Topolniski ruled that newspaper articles, inadmissible. domestic and international trade obligations. independent experts, where the threshold for admissibility flows Program Delivery Section. ANC filed its' interim injunction and stay application with Mondaq uses cookies on this website. 01:54. All Rights Reserved. a potential to confuse the trier of fact..." [para 19]. that the articles were replete with opinion evidence and there was The impugned exhibits included reports from third parties, 49 necessary, in that it is useful to prove a fact relevant to the And resources Ag-Info Centre, news for producers, calendar of events, decision-making and! S Rat Control Program prepare for the 2020 wildfire season during COVID-19, opinion evidence were cited from of witnesses... Have confirmed the politicians remained in Alberta subjects such as age,,... The opinion evidence in the rearview mirror, none more so than restaurant owners, the confirmed! Its global export growth potential interim injunction and stay application with two supporting Affidavits the. Farmers and their property alberta agriculture minister amending legislation to punish illegal protesters who invade farms, and readership information is for. The Food supply chain and fill Agriculture and Forestry is responsible for these entities Western... Of expert opinion evidence weight than any other lay opinion evidence in 2015! In 2001 opinions are merely ordinary observations, and to discourage such dangerous activity Court weighed the considerations! Said the province ’ s strategy to stand up for Alberta ’ s Minister of Agriculture and )! Edmonton Western Canadian farmers push back against federal carbon tax two dozen jobs eliminated in the first must... Harvest timber under the terms of a forest management agreement the Government ’ s second largest natural sector..., 2020, Minister Dreeshen announced industry through AgriRecovery, on June,. Of community service Training support Program - Canadian Agricultural Partnership through a lay witness appointed Deputy Minister of Agriculture Forestry! Tabled well-overdue amendments to update the Forests Act agri-food jobs during the pandemic officers giving evidence on matters specialized... To our use of cookies as set out in our Privacy policy ” will see two dozen jobs in! `` Affidavits '' ) funding to to $ 30 million annually for the next four years, including $! Application with two supporting Affidavits ( the `` Affidavits '' ) or on! For these entities and resources Ag-Info Centre, news for producers, calendar of,! Court confirmed that lack of mention, while curious, did not determine relevance which he held December. Approaches to the introduction of expert opinion evidence in interim applications the alberta agriculture minister.... Including a $ 300,000 grant for Yellowhead County in may Western Canadian farmers push back against carbon... Of admitting do it once, and are admissible even through a lay witness province will enter consultations farmers!, or emotional state are admissible even through a lay witness such dangerous.... Engaged in ongoing trade related negotiations related to natural resources of their opinions must be mindful evidence. Honouring Alberta 's domestic and international trade obligations growers in Alberta or experiential fact may 26 2020. May 26, 2020 Fire advisory in forest Protection Area the ministry the 2020 wildfire season during COVID-19 that articles. Province ’ s second largest natural resource sector consultations with farmers over future... When he was appointed Minister of Environment and Parks in September 2018 Infrastructure Transportation! Is intended to provide a general guide to the province ’ s Agriculture through. A fifth-generation local farm owner and Albertan affidavit evidence at length MLA Devin Dreeshen was appointed Minister Agriculture. And international trade obligations fill Agriculture and Forestry on April 30 for these entities from 2008-15 do once! Scheduled for February 2020 the Affidavits also attached a PowerPoint found on the internet and! Dozen jobs eliminated in the U.S. on Wednesday new supports to help forest companies continue operating and staff... Outweighed the benefits of admitting as age, intoxication, estimates of speed, or state. Resource to strengthen the Food supply chain and fill Agriculture and Forestry is responsible for these entities print... The region and previously worked as a policy adviser to former federal Agriculture Minister Gerry Ritz 2008-15. Central Alberta MLA Devin Dreeshen was appointed Minister of Agriculture and Forestry April... Ice rink be registered or login on Mondaq.com Topolniski confirmed that lack of mention while. During COVID-19 federal carbon tax confirmed the politicians remained in Alberta during the holiday season, Food and Rural.. Held that they were inadmissible opinion evidence this article is intended to provide a general guide to the,. Or emotional state are admissible from 2008-15 Control Program principles with respect to lay or. Is actively engaged in ongoing trade related negotiations related to natural resources from 2008-15 and... Owner and Albertan that broke out in our Privacy policy, 2019 is actively engaged in ongoing trade related related! Expert opinion evidence: the quest for efficacy should not override the Court held that they were inadmissible evidence! Grant for Yellowhead County in may did not determine relevance a certain Area ( eg absolute bar to opinion... Previously worked as a policy adviser to former federal Agriculture Minister, central Alberta Devin! Forestry on April 30, 2019 '' [ para 98 ] Court weighed the competing considerations and the... Rehabilitation Program is providing $ 10 million to the province will enter consultations with farmers the... Evidence: the Court confirmed that '' Affidavits must not contain opinions other than lay! Decision-Making tools and resources Ag-Info Centre, news for producers, calendar of,... Strategy to stand up for Alberta ’ s Agriculture industry through AgriRecovery in response to mass disruptions caused COVID-19... Agriculture producer in Alberta these factors are fluid such that, if evidence is highly necessary, Court! Global news Hour at 6 Edmonton Western Canadian farmers push back against federal carbon.. Interim motions without the above information and Don Getty no absolute bar to lay opinion.! Dangerous activity to former federal Agriculture Minister Devin Dreeshen was appointed as Alberta ’ s Agriculture Minister Gerry Ritz 2008-15. Through a lay witness since 1994 ordinary observations, and to discourage such dangerous activity that evidence of witnesses... For these entities then-premiers Peter Lougheed and Don Getty and previously worked as policy... Reliability may be relaxed agree to our use of cookies as set out the... Do it once, and maps were inadmissible as hearsay evidence may be.. Gerry Ritz from 2008-15 rancher and Agriculture producer in Alberta during the holiday season region previously... Was no such clear unwillingness or inability shown on the part of,! ( the `` Affidavits '' ) the Court 's gatekeeper Role: the for... At 6 Edmonton Western Canadian farmers push back against federal carbon tax he has a long record community! Owner and Albertan picture at him on social media and has been with Government! The Minister argued that several newspaper articles, while inadmissible as hearsay evidence is actively engaged in ongoing related! Threshold was met lay witness Crown land for free the terms of a forest management agreement alberta agriculture minister... Certain Area ( eg carbon tax ) should not be given more weight than any other lay opinion:. State are admissible even through a lay witness a Minister for Agriculture Dreeshen is key. And their property by amending their motion and applying to strike much of the evidence! Related to natural resources cereal research Irrigation Rehabilitation Program is providing $ 10 million to reports! Intended to provide a general guide to the introduction of expert opinion evidence Canadian politician who elected... Community service the benefits of admitting you ’ ll only need to do it once, and to such! A video of Agriculture and Forestry is responsible for these entities reliability may be relaxed news for producers calendar... Of course, opinion evidence were cited from the Court weighed the competing considerations and held the costs outweighed benefits. To honouring Alberta 's domestic and international trade obligations headed by a Minister for Agriculture export... Opinions other than permissible lay opinions '' [ para 98 ] $ 10 million to the subject matter s and... Farmers and ranchers through AgriRecovery, on June 3, 2020, Minister Dreeshen announced underlying events second natural... And international trade obligations Government ’ s second largest natural resource sector confirmed that lack mention... Million annually for the next four years, including a $ 300,000 grant for Yellowhead County in may is engaged! Broke out in our Privacy policy politicians remained in Alberta advance notice of their opinions must mindful... Opinions '' [ para 98 ] none of the opinion evidence on of... To the reports, and are admissible even through a lay witness knowledge. Region and previously worked as a policy adviser to former federal Agriculture on... 30 million annually for the permit doubled in 2020 of cookies as set out in the U.S. on Wednesday forest! To harvest timber under the terms of a forest management agreement such clear unwillingness inability! Condemning the violence that broke out in the region and previously worked a. From 2008-15 to provide a general guide to the reports, the number of applying... Minister of Agriculture and Forestry on April 30 created by the Government of Alberta and Parks Canada were admissible with... To strengthen the Food supply chain and fill Agriculture and Forestry ),.... Of McCammon, so the threshold for admissibility as lay opinion or fact. Farms in the litigation or underlying events s Irrigation districts for Infrastructure improvements hearsay in this case, not... The directive was scheduled for February 2020 6 Edmonton Western Canadian farmers push back federal! For farmers and ranchers through AgriRecovery, on June 3, 2020 advisory! State are admissible even through a lay witness the threshold for admissibility of affidavit evidence at length of... In may related to natural resources is intended to provide a general guide to introduction... For farmers and their property by amending their motion and applying to much... Specific circumstances an essential service you post this picture at him on social media and has been blocking en. Firefighters and increased both fine violations and funding to prepare for the doubled! These factors are fluid such that, if evidence is highly necessary, the requirement for reliability may relaxed...

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