Deep trade agreements are important institutional infrastructure for regional integration. peaceful region by supporting both public and private sector actors engaged in the regional integration process. REGIONAL INTEGRATION IN SOUTHERN AFRICA Overview of Recent Developments Lolette Kritzinger-van Niekerk Emmanuel Pinto Moreira December 2002 The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper are entirely those of the author(s). If efficiently designed, they can improve policy cooperation across countries, thereby increasing international trade and investment, economic growth and social welfare. 2. Signed in 1991 and implemented in 1994, it provides for a staged integration of the regional economic agreements. Eastern Africa has the largest number of RECs and intergovernmental regional bodies in Africa. The African Economic Community (AEC) is an organization of the African Union states. It is tracking the data that is driving Africa’s economic growth now and in the years to come. This is partly a function of the fact that, in 2009, President Jacob Zuma refused to entertain the idea of a […] The importance of regional integration is being felt across the continent, as evidenced by African leaders now calling for a free trade area by 2017. They reduce trade costs and define many rules in which economies operate. Africa’s Regional Integration Index is measuring an Africa on the move. Regional integration is a development priority for Africa. Helpful comments by Ademola Oyejide and Daniel Bach are gratefully acknowledged. FIFA World Cup notwithstanding, the answer for now seems to be “not so well” In 2010, while it remains an issue of critical importance, racial integration in South Africa has no empirical reference point. In some cases, this can lead to confusion in terminology and on the state of regional economic integration of a specific bloc. According to the perspective of the Yearbook Monitoring Regional Integration in Southern Africa (Volume 8, 2008) Regional integration has been considered an important and successful tool of economic growth and development. of Africa’s development. The AU is therefore expected to act as the primary vehicle for the advancement of regional integration, and for the promotion of Africa’s integration into the global economy. 3. Africa’s Regional Integration Arrangements History and Challenges Tesfaye Dinka and Walter Kennes1 September 2007 1 Tesfaye Dinka is with the Global Coalition for Africa and Walter Kennes is with the Development Directorate-General of the European Commission. However, success in this venture has been slow and marred by delay and stagnation. Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) Looking at the Horn of Africa, some find that it demands “not only a multilateral approach, but also an approach of multiple and overlapping multilateralisms”. Since countries are free to negotiate regional economic agreements as they wish, in practice, formal agreements rarely fall neatly into one of these five stages. In Southern Africa in particular, with its comparatively small economies, r egional integration was meant to play a Africa’s challenges call for pragmatism and a sense of urgency in action. Africa’s roadmap for regional economic integration With no single agreed regional peace and security forum, none plays “the uncontested role of custodian of norms, forum for conflict management, and arbiter of disputes”. But the issue of multiple membership remains an obstacle to further regional integration, and unless the counterproductive situation of each sub-region having three to four organisations (except North Africa) is fundamentally changed (Mistry, 2000: 567-8), regionalism in today’s Africa … Several regional agreements function as pillars of the AEC: 43. 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