With a surface area of 68,800 sq km (26,600 sq mi), Lake Victoria is Africa's largest lake. [86][90], Growth of the water hyacinth in Lake Victoria has been tracked since 1993, reaching its maxima biomass in 1997 and then declining again by the end of 2001. (2008). [21][36][40] Their extraordinary diversity and speed of evolution have been the subjects for many scientists studying the forces that drive the richness of life everywhere. [18] Geological cores taken from its bottom show Lake Victoria has dried up completely at least three times since it formed. Uganda General Information Map of Uganda Kampala Kibale National Park Queen Elizabeth National Park Murchison Falls National Park Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. That’s more species than in any other lake on Earth, save Lake Malawi.. Animal flesh decays considerably faster, however, so the fertility of the lake is dependent on the rate at which these nutrients can be taken up by fish and other organisms. Lake Victoria (Luo: Nam Lolwe; Luganda: 'Nnalubaale; also Ukerewe)[6][7] is one of the African Great Lakes. [81] UGFD officials argued that Nile perch must have spread to Lake Victoria by themselves by passing through the Owen Falls Dam when shut down for maintenance, but this is considered highly unlikely by many scientists. [49] Some species have survived in nearby small satellite lakes,[48] have survived in refugias among rocks or papyrus sedges (protecting them from the Nile perch),[50] or have adapted to the human-induced changes in the lake itself. It borders the countries of Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. It borders the countries of Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. In addition, it's the largest tropical lake in the world, and the planet's second largest freshwater lake. The lake is located close to the equator on the eastern side of Africa, with most of the lake … Because of this, most of Lake Victoria's nutrients are thought to be locked up in lake-bottom deposits. It formed when westward-flowing rivers were dammed by an upthrown crustal block. The shoreline is over 3,400 km long and home to numerous rock dwelling cichlids. [24] In the Kenya sector, the main influent rivers are the Sio, Nzoia, Yala, Nyando, Sondu Miriu, Mogusi, and Migori. Lake Tanganyika. [77] Initially the fishery involved native species, especially tilapia and haplochromine cichlids, but also catfish (Bagrus, Clarias, Synodontis and silver butter catfish), elephantfish, ningu (Labeo victorianus) and marbled lungfish (Protopterus aethiopicus). The lake’s shores vary in aspect. Conversely, genetic studies indicate that some morphologically distinctive populations, traditionally regarded as separate species, may only be variants of single species. Lake Victoria is shared among three countries in Africa. Study shows evolution does not always mean more diversification. Lake Victoria is divided among three countries Kenya 6 %, Uganda 45%, and Tanzania 49%. Lake Victoria is known to be 2nd largest fresh water lake, and is the source of the White Nile river. A very public quarrel ensued, which not only sparked a great deal of intense debate within the scientific community of the day, but also much interest by other explorers keen to either confirm or refute Speke's discovery.[100]. In 1927-1928 Michael Graham conducted the first ever systematic Fisheries Survey of Lake Victoria. However, the most distal source of the Nile Basin, and therefore the ultimate source of the Nile, is more often considered to be one of the tributary rivers of the Kagera River (the exact tributary remains undetermined), and which originates in either Rwanda or Burundi. According to a CNN report, a mixture of lethal weather, poor communication and lack of resources are the three biggest cause of the high fatalities per square kilometre at the freshwater lake.. Among these are the hippopotamus, African clawless otter, spotted-necked otter, marsh mongoose, sitatunga, bohor reedbuck, defassa waterbuck, cane rats, and giant otter shrew. The lake is shared by three riparian states : Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania with Ugandas' part constituting 30.720 Sq. Conservation Biology: For the Coming Decade. Found on the western side of Africa's Great Rift Valley, Lake Victoria borders the countries of Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. "Toxic dump: The poisons killing lake Victoria", "Water Hyacinth Re-invades Lake Victoria", "Scientists raise concerns over pollution of Lake Victoria", "Lake Victoria | Size, Map, Countries, & Facts", "Diver's recover 180 bodies from Africa's worst ferry disaster", "Ferry tragedy: More than 200 feared dead in Tanzania", Decreasing levels of Lake Victoria Worry East African Countries, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lake_Victoria&oldid=1000238574, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Articles containing Luo (Kenya and Tanzania)-language text, Articles containing Luganda-language text, Articles containing undetermined-language text, Articles using infobox body of water without alt, Articles using infobox body of water without image bathymetry, Articles needing additional references from June 2017, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Lake Victoria is located in east central Africa along the equator. The outflow from Lake Victoria into the NILE is in the country of UGANDA. The main ports on the lake are Kisumu, Mwanza, Bukoba, Entebbe, Port Bell, and Jinja. The project aims to provide safe drinking water for an estimated one million people and improved sanitation for 100 000 people. It is convenient size for trade, travels well and is found in much greater numbers than other important fish, such as semutundu (Luganda), Bagrus sp.". Although it is a part of the same river system known as the White Nile and is occasionally referred to as such, strictly speaking this name does not apply until after the river crosses the Uganda border into South Sudan to the north. Warmolts (25 May 2015). [81] In the following decades, the pressure to introduce the Nile perch continued, as did warnings about the possible effects of doing it. It’s shared by the three east African countries of Tanzania, Uganda, and Kenya. Lake Victoria and climate change The increasing amounts of algae, in turn, increase the amount of detritus (dead plant material) that falls to the deeper portions of the lake before decomposing. [65], At a genus level, most of these are widespread in Africa, but the very rare Xenobarbus and Xenoclarias are endemic to the lake, and the common Rastrineobola is near-endemic. [34][41] Some of the threatened Lake Victoria cichlid species have captive "insurance" populations in zoos, public aquaria and among private aquarists, and a few species are extinct in the wild (only survive in captivity). variabilis).[58][59]. The lake has a maximum depth of between 80 and 84 m (262 and 276 ft)[11][14] and an average depth of 40 m (130 ft). In contrast, the Owen Falls (now flooded by a dam) between Victoria and Kyoga were essentially a series of rapids that did not effectively block fish movements between the two lakes. What is Rhodesia called today? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Ugandan volunteers passing out life jackets in an effort to decrease the number of drownings in Lake Victoria. The giant lake borders three African countries - Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, with half of the lake lying in Tanzania. [25] These changes have arisen for multiple reasons: successive burning within its basin,[26] soot and ash from which has been deposited over the lake's wide area; from increased nutrient inflows via rivers,[27] and from increased pollution associated with settlement along its shores. Lake Victoria (c.255 mi/410 km long and c.155 mi/250 Lake Victoria covers an area of 26,828 square miles and reaches a depth of 270 feet which makes it the largest lake in Africa. Below you can see the member countries. The search by Europeans for the source of the Nile led to the sighting of the lake by the British explorer John Hanning Speke in 1858. Lake Victoria was once home to over 500 species of fish. The plants may not have been destroyed, instead merely moved to another location. (1929.) It is located in East Africa between the countries Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya. The project which began in 1995 comes to an end in the year 2000 and is funded by the Global Environmental Facility through United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The uppermost section of the Nile is generally known as the Victoria Nile until it reaches Lake Albert. ... Countries. [73] This may increase as a result of the spread of the invasive water hyacinth (an optimum snail habitat),[74] and the loss of many snail-eating cichlids in the lake. The exception is Lake Kivu, which is part of the present-day Congo River basin, but is believed to have been connected to Lakes Edward and Victoria by rivers until the uplifting of parts of the East African Rift. and P M. Kareiva, editors (1998). ", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T60318A47182908.en. And that is why we are interested in how much is being abstracted by those countries” Tindimugaya explained. With a surface area of 69,485 square kilometers, Lake Victoria is Africa’s largest lake, and the world’s largest tropical lake, according to Diversity Inland Waters (DIW). Interesting Facts about Lake Victoria 6: the division of Lake Victoria. Km. Lake Victoria was called after its namesake, Queen Victoria, following its discovery by British explorer, John Speke in 1858. its a huge lake it is covering 3 countries Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda and giving them more than enough supply of fish "tilapia, Must visit in Uganda is Lake Victoria . [101] Ultimately, the Welsh-American explorer Henry Morton Stanley, on an expedition funded by the New York Herald newspaper, confirmed the truth of Speke's discovery, circumnavigating the lake and reporting the great outflow at Ripon Falls on the lake's northern shore. It is crossed by the equator. With a surface area of 68,800 sq km (26,600 sq mi), Lake Victoria is Africa's largest lake. Njoka. [39] These are the result of a rapid adaptive radiation in the last circa 15,000 years. Mailu, A.M., G.R.S. With a surface area of approximately 59,947 km2 (23,146 sq mi),[10][11] Lake Victoria is Africa's largest lake by area, the world's largest tropical lake,[12] and the world's second-largest fresh water lake by surface area after Lake Superior in North America. Lake Victoria covers more than 68,800 square km and is the lifeblood for the people of Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda who rely on its waters to service its huge fishing industry. It is an irregular quadrilateral in shape, and its shores, save on the west, are deeply indented. ESKOM started spilling water from Lake Victoria to River Nile due to rising levels. Lake Victoria is considered the most dangerous water body of its kind in the world due to the number of deaths recorded every year.. This quiz has tags. Kenya has 6% of the lake, Uganda has 45% and Tanzania has the largest share with 49%. Until 1963, the fastest and newest ferry, MV Victoria, was designated a Royal Mail Ship. Many towns and cities are reliant on Victoria for their water supplies, for farming and other uses. [95][96] Large parts of these urban areas also discharge untreated (raw) sewage into the river, increasing its eutrophication that in turn is helping to increase the invasive water hyacinth. Lake Victoria, a naturally occurring shallow freshwater lake of the Murray catchment and part of the Murray-Darling basin, is located in the western Riverina region of south western New South Wales, Australia.. [81] Scientists argued that further introduction should wait until research showed the effect of the introduction in Kyoga, but by the late 1950s, Nile perch began being caught in Lake Victoria. The lake has a surface area of 68,800 square kilometers (or 26,600 square miles), which also makes it the world’s largest tropical lake. Crisman, T.L., Chapman, Lauren J., Chapman, Colin A., & Kaufman, Les S. (2003). Lake Victoria is a huge lake in Eastern Africa - it's so big that it stretches over parts of three different countries. Uganda has 45 percent of Lake Victoria, while Kenya earns only 6 percent. [32], Lake Victoria formerly was very rich in fish, including many endemics, but a high percentage of these became extinct during the last 50 years. [35] Disregarding the haplochromines, the only native Victoria cichlids are two critically endangered tilapia, the Singida tilapia or ngege (Oreochromis esculentus) and Victoria tilapia (O. At the same time it was warned that this could present a serious danger to the native fish species and required extensive research into possible ecological effects before done. …. [81] These warnings primarily concerned the native tilapia O. esculentus, as the smaller haplochromine cichlids (despite playing an important role in local fisheries) were regarded as "trash fish" by the colonial government. Lake Victoria (Luo: Nam Lolwe; Luganda: 'Nnalubaale; also Ukerewe) is one of the African Great Lakes. Additionally, the water quality, nutrient supply, temperature, and other environmental factors could have played a role. Hydrology of Lake Victoria Log in. [70][71] There are 17 species of bivalves (Corbicula, Coelatura, Sphaerium, and Byssanodonta), including 6 endemic species/subspecies. This allowed it to spread to Lake Kyoga where additional Nile perch were released in 1955, but not Victoria itself. [51] The piscivorous (affected by both predation and competition from Nile perch[52]), molluscivorous and insectivorous haplochromines were particularly hard hit with many extinctions. Join now. The changes in oxygenation are considered consistent with measurements of higher algal biomass and productivity. Lake Victoria is a 139-hectare (340-acre) shallow saline lake on the Bellarine Peninsula, Victoria in Australia, close to the township of Point Lonsdale and part of the Lonsdale Lakes Nature Reserve administered by Parks Victoria. Njoka. tvlu5044 07.12.2018 History Secondary School +5 pts. "Lake Victoria has the potential to boost cruise tourism in the region by generating employment, earning the three countries foreign currency, social benefits to host destinations, promoting global community and also promoting international understanding and peace." Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Victoria Nyanza. Lake Victoria or Victoria Nyanza (also known as Ukerewe and Nalubaale) is one of the Great Lakes of Africa.. Lake Victoria is 68,800 square kilometres (26,560 mi²) in size, making it the continent's largest lake, the largest tropical lake in the world, and the second largest fresh water lake in the world in terms of surface area. A detailed survey of the lake was made by Sir William Garstin in 1901. pp. The fertility of tropical waters depends on the rate at which nutrients can be brought into solution. [41], Lake Victoria is home to 28 species of freshwater snails (e.g., Bellamya, Biomphalaria, Bulinus, Cleopatra, Gabbiella, and Melanoides), including 12 endemic species/subspecies. Today, the lake and its resources fuel the economies of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. Rwanda and Burundi lie in the upper watershed that drains into the Lake. Chapter 27, pp. The removal of Haplochromis, however, may have contributed to the increasing frequency of algal blooms,[27][63][64] which may in turn be responsible for mass fish kills. [75], Evarcha culicivora is a species of jumping spider (family Salticidae) found only around Lake Victoria in Kenya and Uganda. The lake’s only outlet is the Victoria Nile, which exits from the northern coast. A standard for mimicking the old rate of outflow called the "agreed curve" was established, setting the maximum flow rate at 300 to 1,700 cubic metres per second (392–2,224 cu yd/sec) depending on the lake's water level. [35][41][79], As early as the 1920s, it was proposed to introduce a large pelagic predator such as the Nile perch to improve the fisheries in the lake. Public awareness exercises were also conducted. [65], Four species of freshwater crabs are known from Lake Victoria: Potamonautes niloticus is widespread in the lake and P. emini has been recorded from the vicinity of Bukoba in Tanzania, but both are also found elsewhere in Africa. [81] The first introduction of Nile perch to the region, done by the Uganda Game and Fisheries Department (then part of the colonial government) and local African fish guards, happened upstream of Murchison Falls directly after the completion of the Owen Falls Dam in 1954. Although there are records of Arab traders as far back as the 1160s using the lake to search for ivory, gold, and slaves, as well as other precious items. Believing he had found the source of the Nile on seeing this "vast expanse of open water" for the first time, Speke named the lake after Queen Victoria. [41] Initially the population of the Nile perch was relatively low, but a drastic increase happened, peaking in the 1980s, followed by a decline starting in the 1990s.[41]. The lake includes many species of fish that inhabit nowhere else, especially cichlids. Lake Victoria is drained solely by the Nile River near Jinja, Uganda, on the lake's northern shore. The shoreline of this Lake occupies an area of about 7142km and islands occupy over 3.7% of the shoreline length. 1998. The set up of small beaches and local authorities around the lake lack proper sewage treatment facilities allowing pollutants to find their way into the water. [41][46] Such adaptions include a larger gill area (adaption for oxygen-poor water), changes in the feeding apparatus, changes to the eyes (giving them a better sight in turbid water)[34][41] and smaller head/larger caudal peduncle (allowing faster swimming). In addition, it's the largest tropical lake in the world, and the planet's second largest freshwater lake. In 1952, engineers acting for the government of Colonial Uganda blasted out the weir and reservoir to replace it with an artificial barrage to control the level of the lake and reduce the gradual erosion of the rock weir. Lake Victoria covers an approximate 68,800 km squared. The lake’s deeply indented northern coast is flat and bare. Omissions? The Land, the Races and their Customs, with Specimens of Some of the Dialects", "How feud wrecked the reputation of explorer who discovered Nile's source", "Origin of the Superflock of Cichlid Fishes from Lake Victoria, East Africa", "Deoxygenation of the deep water of Lake Victoria, East Africa", Verhandlungen der Internationale Vereinigung für Limnologie, "Environmental and Social Management Framework-ESMF", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T60668A97125826.en, "Ancient hybridization fuels rapid cichlid fish adaptive radiations", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-3.RLTS.T185857A8492470.en, "Prevalence of disruptive selection predicts extent of species differentiation in Lake Victoria cichlids", "Two new species of zooplanktivorous haplochromine cichlids from Lake Victoria, Tanzania", "A pharyngeal jaw evolutionary innovation facilitated extinction in Lake Victoria cichlids". As well as being due to the introduction of Nile Perch, the extinction of cichlids in the genus Haplochromis has also been blamed on the lake's eutrophication. [41], A number of environmental issues are associated with Lake Victoria and the complete disappearance of many endemic cichlid species has been called the "most dramatic example of human-caused extinctions within an ecosystem". Without oxygen, any aerobic life (such as fish) cannot exist in the deeper parts of the lake, forcing all life to exist within a narrow range of depth. Lake Victoria or Victoria Nyanza (also known as Ukerewe and Nnalubaale) is a lake in Africa.It is bordered and governed by the countries of Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya.The lake is in the western part of Africa's Great Rift Valley.. Lake Victoria is 68,800 square kilometres (26,560 mi²) in size. The food chain is being altered and in some cases, broken by the indiscriminate eating habits of the Nile perch. [36][41] The Victoria haplochromines are part of an older group of more than 700 closely related species, also including those of several smaller lakes in the region, notably Kyoga, Edward–George, Albert, and Kivu. Lake Victoria is a huge lake in Eastern Africa - it's so big that it stretches over parts of three different countries. Lake Victoria is among the … The Lake Victoria basin, while generally rural, has many major centres of population. This is an online quiz called Africa - Countries and Lake Victoria. Burton, who had been recovering from illness at the time and resting further south on the shores of Lake Tanganyika, was outraged that Speke claimed to have proved his discovery to have been the true source of the Nile River, which Burton regarded as still unsettled. Lake Victoria is known to be 2nd largest fresh water lake, and is the source of the White Nile river. [38] This is far more species of fish than any other lake in the world, except Lake Malawi. At the lake’s northwestern corner are the 62 islands of the Sese archipelago, some of them of striking beauty. [81] As the species was already present, there were few objections when more Nile perch were transferred to Victoria to further bolster the stock in 1962–63. The shoreline consists of numerous sheltered bays surrounded by papyrus swamps, gulfs and forests at some places. Located in Entebbe and with Victoria Mall Entebbe reachable within 2.5 miles, Lake Victoria Country Home has express check-in and check-out, non-smoking rooms, a garden, free WiFi and a bar. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to counteract against the rapidly deteriorating water quality in the Lake Victoria Basin (LVB). Lake Victoria, the second largest lake in the world and one of the sources of the Nile River, is one of the most important trans-boundary natural resource in Africa. Updates? Tanganyika is the longest freshwater lake in the world and the second oldest lake in … Understandably so, Lake Victoria Africa attracts visitors, be they locals who come to fish the waters, or tourists hoping to enjoy the beautiful landscape. The Kagera River, the largest and most important of the lake affluents, enters the western side of Lake Victoria just north of latitude 1° S. The only other river of note entering from the west is the Katonga, north of Kagera. Formerly known to the Arabs as Ukerewe, the lake was named by Speke in honour of Queen Victoria of England. Speke accomplished this in 1858, while on an expedition with Richard Francis Burton to locate the source of the Nile River. (editor). Sitting in a fertile basin, the area is predictably heavily cultivated and densely populated, and given that much of its shoreline is marshy and infested with bilharzia, swimming is not an option. Its coastline exceeds 2,000 miles (3,220 km). [35] Among the introductions are several tilapias: redbreast (Coptodon rendalli), redbelly (C. zillii), Nile (Oreochromis niloticus) and blue-spotted tilapias (O. They are Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. After Lake Superior in the United States, Lake Victoria is also the second largest freshwater lake in the world by surface area. Africa's largest lake is Lake Victoria. By 2006, the water levels in Lake Victoria had reached an 80-year low, and Daniel Kull, an independent hydrologist living in Nairobi, Kenya, calculated that Uganda was releasing about twice as much water as is allowed under the agreement,[102] and was primarily responsible for recent drops in the lake's level. [11][14] Lake Victoria occupies a shallow depression in Africa. leucostictus). Lake Victoria. [97] Increased logging and act of deforestation has led to environmental degradation around the region reducing the absorption of polluting chemicals and deteriorating the water quality.[98]. the layer of water that lies below the thermocline, is noncirculating, and remains perpetually cold) were lower in 1990–1991 for a longer period than in 1960–1961, with values of less than 1 mg per litre (< 0.4 gr/cu ft) occurring in water as shallow as 40 metres (130 ft) compared with a shallowest occurrence of greater than 50 metres (160 ft) in 1961. Lake Victoria (or Victoria Nyanza in the Bantu language) is the largest of the African Great Lakes, the largest lake in Africa and the world’s second largest freshwater lake by surface area, after Lake Superior. Oxygen concentrations in hypolimnetic waters (i.e. world's longest river. Institutions of the East African Community: This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 07:36. [42], The Victoria haplochromines are distinctly sexually dimorphic (males relatively brightly colored; females dull),[45] and their ecology is extremely diverse, falling into at least 16 groups, including detritivores, zooplanktivores, insectivores, prawn-eaters, molluscivores and piscivores. [38] Initially it was feared that this number was even higher, by some estimates 65 percent of the total species,[47] but several species that were feared extinct have been rediscovered after the Nile perch started to decline in the 1990s. There are islands with amazing wildlife on the lake, beautiful landscapes around the lake and there are numerous accommodations where you stay and enjoy the scenery and cool breeze from the fresh water lake. As a by-product of this the oxygen levels in the deeper layer of water are being depleted. [49], Starting in the 1950s, several species have been introduced to Lake Victoria where they have become invasive and a prime reason for the extinction of many endemic haplochromine cichlids. In the Kenyan port… Featuring room service, this property also provides guests with a playground. [79] At the peak in the early 1990s, 500,000 tonnes (490,000 long tons; 550,000 short tons) of Nile perch were landed annually in Lake Victoria, but this has declined significantly in later years. People rely on it for food, water, and many other things. [41] As a result of predation by the introduced Nile perch, eutrophication and other changes to the ecosystem, it is estimated that at least 200 species (about 40 percent) of Lake Victoria haplochromines have become extinct,[37][41][46] including more than 100 undescribed species. Oluka, 1991. Overall, the timing of the decline could be linked to all of these factors and perhaps together, in combination, they were more effective than any one deterrent would have been by itself. Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization (2016). [81] The Nile perch had spread throughout the lake by 1970. Lake Victoria info - Gondwana Safari Tour Operators - Safari Holiday Packages, Lodges, Camps +267 686 1971. Het Victoriameer (ook wel Victoria Nyanza) is het grootste meer van Afrika en het op een na grootste zoetwatermeer op aarde. In 2002, Uganda completed a second hydroelectric complex in the area, the Kiira Hydroelectric Power Station, with World Bank assistance. The influent rivers of Lake Victoria provide few nutrients to the lake in relation to its size. It borders the countries of Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. The first recorded information about Lake Victoria comes from Arab traders plying the inland routes in search of gold, ivory, other precious commodities, and slaves. Its greatest length from north to south is 210 miles (337 km), its greatest breadth 150 miles (240 km). [60] Furthermore, Graham noted that the introduction of the European flax gill net of 5 inch mesh had undoubtedly caused a diminution in the number of ngege in those parts of the Kavirondo Gulf, the northern shore of the lake, the Sesse Islands and Smith's Sound which are conveniently situated close to markets. [18] Average evaporation on the lake is between 2.0 and 2.2 metres (6.6 and 7.2 ft) per year, almost double the precipitation of riparian areas. [31], Lake Victoria and its wetlands has a large population of Nile crocodiles, as well as African helmeted turtles, variable mud turtles, and Williams' mud turtle. [18] The lake's area is divided among three countries: Kenya occupies 6% (4,100 km2 or 1,600 sq mi), Uganda 45% (31,000 km2 or 12,000 sq mi), and Tanzania 49% (33,700 km2 or 13,000 sq mi).[19]. As of 2016, an environmental data repository exists for Lake Victoria. In this way, the Nile perch has degraded the diverse and thriving ecosystem that was once Lake Victoria. [29] The deepest part of the lake is offset to the east of the lake near Kenya and the lake is generally shallower in the west along the Ugandan shoreline and the south along the Tanzanian shoreline. The Lake Victoria region is one of the most densely populated in Africa; within 50 miles (80 km) of its shores live several million people, nearly all Bantu-speaking. Interesting Facts about Lake Victoria 6: the division of Lake Victoria. The Ssese islands, [ 69 ] which is common and widespread lake... Kaufman, Les S. ( 2003 ). [ 94 ] ( sq... Water since at least three times since it formed and home to over 500 of. River flowing into this lake, and the effects of the lake Victoria the source..., where it forms the Victoria Nyanza ) is het grootste meer van Afrika het! Kampala and Entebbe lie along or near the northern coast Tanzania 49 % which common. 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Lake Malawi driven many endemic species to extinction 65,583 sq mi ), is source. Variabilis ). [ 94 ], for farming and other environmental factors could have played a role has. Hyacinth, however, considering the fact that the Nile River links to Victoria. Recorded every year much is being altered and in some cases, by! Trusted stories delivered right to your inbox requires login ). [ 58 ] 61! Has 6 % of the world, and Jinja Kibale National Park Murchison Falls National Park Bwindi National., the composition and yields of such fish catches are virtually negligible while on expedition... World Bank assistance named by Speke in 1858 where it forms the Nile! Was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 07:36 ” Tindimugaya.. Service, this property also provides guests with a playground ] it is exceeded in only! Is het grootste meer van Afrika en het op een na grootste zoetwatermeer op aarde the snail genera Biomphalaria... With Ugandas ' part constituting 30.720 sq why we are interested in how much being! Introductions in the 1950s is not entirely clear and indisputable evidence is lacking [ 8 ] 14... Part constituting 30.720 sq in addition, it is likely that undescribed species fish... Here so you can take the quiz with pen and paper these cycles! Played a role s Basin area covers 169,858 km2 ( 65,583 sq mi ). [ ]., for lake victoria countries and other environmental factors could have played a role by British,! That drains into the lake 's western shore ) is het grootste meer van Afrika en het een! Water lake, and thousands of small streams diverse and thriving ecosystem that was once Victoria... These drying cycles are probably related to past ice ages, which exits the lake its... Stretches over parts of three different countries Tanzania has the largest share 49... Numerous rock dwelling cichlids of tourist activities in the world by surface area of 68,800 sq km 26,600. There is little doubt that Haplochromis played an important role in returning detritus and plankton back into solution: Prado! Hand, the lake a number of algae-eating fish allows the algae to at. Presence of the lake also provides guests with a surface area of 26,828 square miles 3,220. The overall effects of the clear waters islands and reefs ; lake Victoria occupy. Large scale and made the lake algae-eating fish allows the algae to grow at an rate! The country of Uganda Kampala Kibale National Park Queen Elizabeth National lake victoria countries Murchison Falls National Park Queen Elizabeth National.! Discharge some chemicals directly into the lake or its influent rivers of Victoria. Some places the equator Kenya earns only 6 percent and this trend be! And in some cases, broken by the three east African Community: this page was last on!

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