2020 Visitor Arrivals Report (First six months) Annual Visitor Arrival Reports. The OECD harmonized unemployment rate gives the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labor force (the total number of people employed plus unemployed). Violent crime, including armed robbery, carjacking, home invasions and sexual assault, is common throughout the country, especially in urban areas such as Port Moresby, Lae and Mt Hagen. DOI: 10.1080/26410397.2019.1686199 Keywords: maternal and neonatal health, newborns, postpartum, prenatal, antenatal Introduction Papua New Guinea (PNG) is the most populous country in the Pacific with more than 9 million people.1,2 It has one of the highest maternal mor- According to the Economist Intelligence Unit’s liveability index, Papua New Guinea ranks 136th out of 140 countries as of 2017,[5] indicating that many aspects of living in the country are relatively unsecure. Following PNG’s ongoing affairs surrounding corruption, the National Anti-Corruption Authority (NACA) was established in April 2004, in an attempt to reduce negative implications. Papua New Guinean children, ... As of 2019, PNG's real GDP growth rate was 3.8%, with an inflation rate of 4.3% ... Papua New Guinea has an urbanisation rate of 2.51%, measured as the projected change in urban population from 2015 to 2020. at Level 2, indicating travelers should exercise increased caution. For more information, please review OSAC’s Report, Kidnapping: The Basics. Fire and medical emergency services are typically undertrained and underfunded. There is a moderate amount of civil unrest due to economic woes and the inability of the government to maintain control of crowds. ’Bush knives’ (machetes) and firearms are often used in assaults and thefts. If you anticipate the possible need for medical treatment in Australia, you should obtain entry permission from Australia in advance. Read the Department of State’s COVID-19 page before you plan any international travel.. PNGBLOGS. Crime prevention and law enforcement services in Papua New Guinea lie primarily in the hands of the Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary (RPNGC);[6] however, local police services are typically unreliable. Shows how much people think the problem in their community are property crimes (home broken, car theft, etc. Port Moresby suffers from high unemployment, with up to half of the population reportedly living in squatter settlements. For more information, please refer to OSAC’s Report, Traveling with Medications. Pirates use small boats with small- to medium-sized outboard motors to chase down or ambush similar boats. Confirm that the dive operator you use is certified through one of the international diving associations, and that their certification is current. Last minute, one-way commercial tickets from Port Moresby can be quite expensive. Law and Order in a Weak State: Crime and Politics in Papua New Guinea. Worries home broken and things stolen. OSAC constituents who are interested in engaging with the Port Moresby Country Council and/or connecting the Regional Security Office should contact OSAC’s East Asia-Pacific team. The American Citizen Services (ACS) unit cannot recommend a particular individual or establishment and assumes no responsibility for the quality of services provided. [23] Violence and conflicts between government officials and traditional owners concerning legal rights have obstructed the government’s attempts to create proper housing in many cases. [10] Previously, these public displays of action and large crowds have resulted in the destruction of property and police forces have been unable to intervene. The water supply is chlorinated and fluoridated in Port Moresby, but travelers should boil water before consumption. Large amounts of small boat traffic in waters surrounding islands within the Torres Strait makes it easier for drug trafficking boats to go unnoticed. Port Moresby: A Big Squatter Settlement. Heavy rains have also caused landslides and flooding outside of Port Moresby. South Pacifc Studies 38(2), 40-53. Targeted boats are usually carrying goods from island to island or from main trading centers to smaller villages along the coast. Annual Visitor Arrivals & Statistics The Marketing & Research Division of the Papua New Guinea Tourism Promotion Authority provides statistics, research and analysis to support industry development, policy development and marketing for the Papua New Guinea tourism industry. 28 February 2019. [3] An increased rate of unemployment has resulted in poverty in rural areas, while a sequential shift towards urban areas[4] has created cultural friction. The Papua New Guinea Government has passed the Cybercrime Bill, which applies to the use of electronic systems and devices, including: spam, hacking, forgery and computer fraud. According to a 2018 Corruption Perception Index (CPI) undertaken by Transparency International, PNG scored 28 out of 100, classifying the country as “highly corrupt”.[18]. Tuberculosis, Zika, HIV, and other infectious diseases are also present. Medical evacuation companies charge thousands of dollars for transport to Australia or the U.S. [32] Despite the prohibition of unnecessary force in the Police Act (1998) as well as a Code of Ethics implying that regulatory members will “respect and uphold the rights of all people in the community regardless of race, social status or religion”;[33] the unlawful use of force by police has proved to be a distinguished complication. Retrieved from, Harriman, B. For more information, please refer to OSAC’s Report, A list of medical facilities in Papua New Guinea can be found on the, Before traveling overseas, ensure your insurance covers you outside of the U.S. For more information, visit the. Pirates use edged weapons and firearms to steal goods; boaters that resist run the risks of being attacked or having their boat sunk. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released a Level 2 Travel Warning for PNG regarding the recent outbreak of vaccine-derived poliovirus in the Morobe Province. A long-term deficit of resources, corruption as well as a lack of strength in numbers also stand as ongoing and disruptive restrictions. Wikipedia contributors. A ‘ten-year plan’; The National Law and Justice Policy and Plan of Action 2001-2010, was also introduced in order to evolve a Victim Support Policy and reinforce the government’s existing support structures.[31]. Concerns and Challenges of Crime in Papua New Guinea. The Socio-economic Costs of Crime and Violence in Papua New Guinea According to Transparency International’s 2019 Corruption Perception Index (CPI), PNG ranked 137 out of 180 countries, receiving a score of 28 out of 100 that classified it as “highly corrupt.” Friends and relatives of an injured person may demand immediate compensation from whomever they deem at fault, regardless of legal responsibility. However, the vast majority of visitors who exercise common sense and apply appropriate security measures are able to move around the city safely and to conduct business without significant issues. Papua New Guinea is notorious for its high crime rates and subsequently dangerous travelling and living conditions. According to the CDC, malaria is present throughout the country, especially at altitudes below 2,000 meters (6,561 feet). Shows how much people think the problem in their community are property crimes (home broken, car theft, etc. There is minimal risk from terrorism in Port Moresby. Asia Pacific Press, 16(2), 127-134. There is a hyperbaric recompression chamber for diving emergencies in Port Moresby, but it is difficult to access and may be inaccessible during emergencies. Our tools allow individuals and organizations to discover, visualize, model, and present their data and the world’s data to facilitate better decisions and better outcomes. With an influx of expatriate workers supporting the extraction industries, there have been concerns that the frequency of kidnappings could increase. The RPNGC is a government organisation led by the Police Commissioner and is responsible for the national police force, thus, holds power throughout the country. These organisations surfaced in PNG’s capital city of Port Moresby in the 1970s, and have since then spread considerably throughout the country and dominating most areas. Papua New Guinea’s population growth rate from 2019 to 2020 was 1.95%. The CDC offers additional information on vaccines and health guidance for, OSAC constituents who are interested in engaging with the Port Moresby Country Council and/or connecting the Regional Security Office should contact OSAC’s, Hours: Monday-Friday, 0800-1700 (except U.S. and, External links to other internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein, Trends in Crime and Violence in Papua New Guinea, Drivers of Crime and Violence in Papua New Guinea, Gates, Hired Guns and Mistrust: Business Unusual, The Socio-economic Costs of Crime and Violence in Papua New Guinea, Security in Transit: Airplanes, Public Transport, and Overnights, State Department’s medical insurance overseas page. Source: Bank of Papua New Guinea, as of March 2019 Quarterly Economic Bulletin, table 9.7 ... Nominal depreciation has been modest, for example, at an annual rate of 4% over 2018. Papua New Guinea unemployment rate was at level of 2.5 % in 2019, up from 2.4 % previous year. Women should avoid traveling alone while visiting PNG. Additionally, expatriate workers in PNG have been taken hostage as a means to renegotiate contracts that were previously agreed upon. In Papua New Guinea, crime, especially violent crime, is primarily fueled by rapid social, economic, and political changes. Consumer Price Index (CPI) for Papua New Guinea from International Monetary Fund (IMF) for the International Financial Statistics (IFS) release. Travel on highways outside of major towns can be hazardous. (2019). Retrieved from, Wikipedia contributors. There is a 60% unemployment rate (huge) in Port Moresby, where crime is an everyday occurrence. Exercise a high degree of caution in Bougainville. Corruption, referring to the criminal wrongdoing of individuals in a position of power for personal gain, is prevalent throughout Papua New Guinea. The U.S. Embassy in Port Moresby does not assume responsibility for the professional ability or integrity of the persons or firms appearing in this report. In 2014, The World Bank produced thorough reports on the trends in crime, the drivers of crime, and the business cost of crime in Papua New Guinea. The country’s fertility rate is 3.59 births per woman, which is relatively high and is far above the population replacement rate of 2.1 births. The CDC offers additional information on vaccines and health guidance for Papua New Guinea. The prevention of crime and criminal activity in Papua New Guinea relies heavily on governmental regulatory bodies and the actions of law enforcement officials. 81% Papua New Guinea unemployment rate for 2016 was 2.54%, a 0.03% decline from 2015. While drug trafficking is considered the foundation of organised crime, money laundering and cybercrime still occur. Papua New Guinea’s security services supplied by the police and defence force are unable to monitor the full extent of the country’s coastline due to a lack of necessary resources. Wages per month are calculated as 4.33 times if a weekly wage is defined. Retrieved from, Lyons, K. (2019, June 24). Faster boats can outpace and outlast the typical PNG pirate vessel. Doctors and hospitals often expect immediate cash payment for medical services. It is not uncommon for police officers to use roadblocks to solicit bribes, particularly before holidays. Education certificate fraud is common, and private companies may face challenges verifying an applicant’s employment history, education, etc. Retrieved from, Wikipedia contributors. The document was compiled from various Publishing or Crimes like robbery and sexual assault are not uncommon on unregulated bus systems. Due to equipment failures and shortages of common medications, even routine treatments and procedures (e.g., X-rays) may be unavailable. Anyone visiting the affected areas should exercise strict hygiene precautions, including frequent and careful hand washing. How INTERPOL supports Papua New Guinea to tackle international crime. Approximately 150 km wide, the Torres Strait connects Australia and the Province of Papua New Guinea,[19] acting as an international sea lane and transit point for smuggling drugs such as methamphetamine and cocaine. [20] Historically, the location of Papua New Guinea and its surrounding abundance of small, remote islands has attracted drug traffickers. Raskol gangs. The city, which is also known as Moresby or Pom City, is the one of the largest in the South Pacific. Strait 'soft target' for drug traffickers. 86.81. [8] Raskol gangs originated from the movement of migrants from rural to urban areas which consequently established poor living standards. 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